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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          SINGAPORE PHARMBIO GUIDE 2021/2022
   advisory and mediation services on fair hiring practices to both employers and employees. The Tripartite Alliance for Fair Employment Practices (TAFEP) unit under TAL has published a series of Tripartite Standards to provide guidelines on various employment practices, grievance handling and procurement of freelancer services. On the other hand, the Tripartite Alliance for Dispute Management (TADM) offers mediation services on salary-related claims arising from breach of employment control and wrongful dismissal. More information may be found on its website at www.tal.sg.
Recruitment Strategies
“To search or advertise?” That is a common question that companies ask themselves when recruiting. To encourage companies to hire locals, the Workforce Singapore statutory board set up an online job matching service portal provided to all Singapore-registered companies and local individuals (www.mycareersfuture. sg). Under the Ministry of Manpower’s Fair Consideration Framework, non- exempted companies must advertise their job vacancies on online portal for at least 14 days before they may consider hiring a non-Singaporean for the position. Details on these requirements may be found on the Ministry of Manpower website (www.mom.gov.sg).
Beyond www.mycareersfuture.sg, companies may also engage executive search or headhunting firms to help fill senior positions. Alternatively, companies
may advertise in various other media in order to cast a wider net to access a larger pool of applicants, especially for international recruitments. Companies may choose between an online and a printed advertisement. For printed advertisements, companies can choose to advertise in international scientific journals (for scientific positions). The TAFEP (www.tal.sg/tafep) has published aFairRecruitment&SelectionHandbook to highlight words and phrases to avoid in job advertisements in order to help employers comply with existing guidelines on fair employment. The Ministry of Manpower has also taken action against companies whose job advertisements werefoundtobediscriminatoryandnot aligned with TAFEP’s guidelines.
Employment Law and Guidelines
The main legislation governing employment in Singapore is the Employment Act. The Act provides protection for workers and aims to set the standards of employment in Singapore. Furthermore, the Act provides some salary and benefits protection to Professionals, Managers and Executives (PMEs). Since 1 April 2016, the Act requires all employers to issue itemised payslips as well as provide key employment terms in writing to employees protected under the Act. In 2019, the Act was updated to expand protection to additional employees, including Professionals, Managers, Executives, and Technicians (PMETs). Additional clauses to
improve minimum benefits for employees and to protect against wrongful dismissal were also stipulated.
The framework for the prevention and settlement of trade disputes through collective bargaining, conciliation and arbitration is also laid down in the Industrial Relations Act. More details are available on the Ministry of Manpower website(www.mom.gov.sg).
Compensation and Benefits
There is no “perfect” way to determine an appropriate salary for each employee. Some benchmarks may be obtained from the Ministry of Manpower’s Report on Wages in Singapore (www.mom.gov. sg) and salary information published by the SNEF (www.snef.org.sg). However, most of these surveys may not offer sufficient details on wages for scientific positions in Singapore. Companies may find it useful to obtain comparable salary rates from salary reports and surveys from the American Chemical Society (ACS) (www.acs.org) or the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) (www.aaas.org) and adjust the rates accordingly to reflect the differences in costs of living, taxes, medical costs, benefits, etc.
CPF
The Central Provident Fund (CPF) is Singapore’s version of a social security savings plan for retirement. Members
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